“Transitions between cigarette, ENDS and dual use in adults in the PATH study (waves 1–4): multistate transition modelling accounting for complex survey design”
“Even prior to 2018, electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) began to dramatically change the landscape of tobacco products and product use patterns in the USA. Using a Markov multistate transition model accounting for complex survey design, transition rates between never, non-current, cigarette, ENDS and dual use states were estimated for 23 253 adult participants in waves 1–4 (approximately 2013–2017) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health study. We made short-term transition projections and estimated HRs for age, sex, race/ethnicity, education and income.”
Download the Weighted Multistate Markov (WMSM) model.
AUTHORS: Andrew F Brouwer, Jihyoun Jeon, Jana L Hirschtick, Evelyn Jimenez-Mendoza, Ritesh Mistry, Irina V Bondarenko, Stephanie R Land, Theodore R Holford, David T Levy, Jeremy M G Taylor, Nancy L Fleischer, Rafael Meza JOURNAL: Tobacco Control